Lyndon B. Johnson: Président des EUA du 22 novembre 1963 au 20 janvier 1969, (5 ans, 1 mois et 29 jours)

Memorandum From Secretary of State Rusk to President Johnson/1/

Washington, March 24, 1964.

/1/ Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Haiti, Vol. II. Secret.

SUBJECT

Haitian Request for U.S. Grant Assistance

[…]

«Duvalier is an extreme egocentric and believes that if he could only “get through” to you personally, you would grant all his requests. It is thus important for Ambassador Timmons to be able to say that the U.S. response has your personal approval».

Memorandum Prepared for the 303 Committee/1/

Washington, June 2, 1965.

«V. Preparations for New Regime

By direction CIA has conducted an intensive survey of Haitian individuals of influence, both inside and outside the country, in order to pinpoint those best suited, in terms of U.S. interests, for inclusion in a post-Duvalier provisional government. Factors considered in selection of potential participants have been political ideology, responsiveness to U.S. direction, influence inside Haiti, experience and stability. A suitable group is at hand and could be activated in a matter of hours. Included would be Marcel Fombrun, Louis Roy, Robert Bazile, Francois Latortue, Raymond Joseph, Luc Fouche, Joseph Dejean, Paul Magloire and Jean Elie. They are all known to each other and have shown signs of being capable of working together.

Haitian army officers in exile have been carefully screened and enough have been selected for a rapid reconstruction of the Haitian army along lines consistent with U.S. Interests»

Telegram From the Embassy in Haiti to the Department of State/1/

Port-au-Prince, October 21, 1965, 2242Z.

/1/ Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, Central Files 1964–66, POL 1 HAI–US. Secret; Priority; Limdis. Received at 9:26 p.m.

«(B) Duvalier basically wants a bilateral “injection of dollars” into Haiti by USG, e.g., general budget-supporting assistance. I remain completely opposed for several reasons. On technical side, money would simply go into pockets of regime without benefit to Haitian people, and it would be impossible for USG to control. Of even more weight is fact any such aid would constitute, and would be so interpreted in Haiti and outside, as US political support for regime. This clearly undesirable and unacceptable to USG, and to Congressional and US public opinion».

353. Draft Contingency Plan/1/

Washington, April 29, 1966.

/1/ Source: National Archives and Records Administration, RG 59, S/S SIG Files: Lot 70 D 263. Secret. Forwarded under an April 29 covering memorandum for consideration at the May 3 meeting of the Senior Interdepartmental Group (SIG). The paper indicates it was the third draft; see footnote 3, Document 351.

«III. The Problem

1. a. When Duvalier leaves the presidency of Haiti, whether by voluntary departure, death, or forceful overthrow, the United States will want to influence the character of a successor government.

b. If Duvalier loses control of the situation in the country, the U.S. might be required to take action to stabilize conditions and obtain an acceptable successor government.

c. If a Cuban-based group entered the country while Duvalier was in power the U.S. would also want to take action to stabilize conditions and obtain an acceptable successor government».

Intelligence Information Cable/1/

TDCS-314/09395–67

Washington, June 28, 1967.

/1/ Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, Haiti, Vol. V. Secret; No Foreign Dissem. Bowdler forwarded this cable to Rostow under a June 29 note, stating that this “is the latest appraisal on Haiti from a CIA staff officer [less than 1 line of source text not declassified].”

«2. If a real coup attempt is made and fails, Haiti may see a terrible bloodbath, but any other event probably will pass by with little loss of life. There has been no doubt for some years that Duvalier is not normal. His speech on 22 June 1967 showed definite signs of paranoia».

Duvalier letters of July 1961https://medium.com/@gilbertmervilus/duvalier-letters-of-july-1961-b7a01df26b31

Special National Intelligence Estimate; 1961 et 1976https://medium.com/@gilbertmervilus/special-national-intelligence-estimate-4ae55823500c

Intelligence Memorandum, OCI №0558/69, Washington, February 20, 1969.1 2https://medium.com/@gilbertmervilus/intelligence-memorandum-oci-0558-69-washington-february-20-1969-1-2-45ab3b10de5b

NARCOTICS TRAINING AND DRUG SMUGGLING CONTROL IN HAITI; 1973https://medium.com/@gilbertmervilus/narcotics-training-and-drug-smuggling-control-in-haiti-f2291493072e

HAITIAN MILITARY AND DIPLOMATIC CHANGES; 1973–1974–1978https://medium.com/@gilbertmervilus/haitian-military-and-diplomatic-changes-962daf78817b

CHRISTMAS AMNESTY IN HAITI: A CONSTRUCTIVE HUMAN RIGHTS INITIATIVEhttps://medium.com/@gilbertmervilus/christmas-amnesty-in-haiti-a-constructive-human-rights-initiative-fe0c4156e82a

Telegram 535 From the Embassy in Haiti to the Department of Statehttps://medium.com/@gilbertmervilus/telegram-535-from-the-embassy-in-haiti-to-the-department-of-state-90e3408705d5

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store