«Depuis sa fondation en juillet 1973, la DEA est présente sur presque tout l’ensemble du continent américain , et plus particulièrement en Colombie, en Bolivie, au Pérou, au Panama et au Mexique» Wikipedia

NARCOTICS TRAINING AND DRUG SMUGGLING CONTROL IN HAITI

SUMMARY: DEA TEAM VISITED HAITI IN DECEMBER 1973, CONDUCTED SUCCESSFUL IN-COUNTRY NARCOTICS TRAINING COURSE FOR BROAD RANGE OF GOH MILITARY AND SECURITY PERSONNEL, AND ESTABLISHED PROMISING NEW CHANNEL FOR GOH-USG COOPERATION ON NARCOTICS CONTROL EFFORT THROUGH LT.GEN. HILAIRE, CHIEF OF ARMED FORCES GENERAL STAFF. HILAIRE AND PRESIDENT DUVALIER APPEARED TO TAKE DIRECT PERSONAL INTEREST IN NARCOTICS CONTROL EFFORT, AND HILAIRE PROMISED ACTIVE COOPERATION AND REQUESTED CLOSE FUTURE EXCHANGE OF INTELLIGENCE. DEA REPRESENTATIVES STRESSED PROBLEM OF NARCOTICS SMUGGLING IN WATERS OFF HAITI (FROM OTHER POINTS IN CARIBBEAN EN ROUTE TO THE U.S.), WHICH UNDERSCORES IMPORTANCE OF UPGRADING COASTAL PATROL CAPABILITY OF HAITIAN NAVY, NOW VIRTUALLY NON-EXISTENT, AS ESSENTIAL ELEMENT IN ANY THROUGHGOING NARCOTICS CONTROL EFFORT IN THE REGION. END SUMMARY.

  1. IN RESPONSE TO A REQUEST MADE SEVERAL MONTHS AGO BY CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL PAGE 02 PORT A 02166 212037Z PRESIDENT JEAN-CLAUDE DUVALIER, THE EMBASSY AND THE DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION’S REGIONAL OFFICE IN MIAMI ARRANGED AN IN-COUNTRY NARCOTICS TRAINING COURSE FOR 37 HAITIAN GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL DECEMBER 10–13. THE DEA COURSE COVERED NARCOTICS IDENTIFICATION, UNDERCOVER IN- VESTIGATION, SURVEILLANCE, AND SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. I OPENED COURSE WITH BRIEF REMARKS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF ANTI-NARCOTICS EFFORT, AND SECSTATE FOR THE INTERIOR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE PRESENTED GRADUATION CERTIFICATES TO THE HAITIAN PARTICIPANTS.
  2. A SIMILAR DEA COURSE WAS GIVEN IN HAITI EARLIER THIS YEAR, BUT EMBASSY’S MAIN NARCOTICS CONTACT IN GOH AT THAT TIME, PORT-AU-PRINCE POLICE CHIEF FRANCK ROMAIN (SINCE REPLACED IN AUGUST 1973) ARRANGED FIRST COURSE ONLY FOR PERSONNEL HIS POLICE DEPARTMENT. FOR LATEST COURSE, EMBASSY SOUGHT BROADER REPRESENTATION OF HAITIAN MILITARY AND SECURITY SERVICES. WHEN DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND CASERNES DESSALINES DID NOT RESPOND TO OUR INITIAL INQUIRIES, EMBASSY (THROUGH DEFENSE ATTACHE) RAISED QUESTION OF COURSE WITH LT.GEN. JEAN-BAPTISTE HILAIRE, CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF OF HAITIAN ARMED FORCES (WHICH COMPRISES POLICE AND RURAL CONSTABULARY AS WELL AS ARMY, NAVY, AND AIR CORPS). GEN. HILAIRE WAS VERY RESPONSIVE, CONSULTED WITH PRESIDENT DUVALIER, AND WITH GO-AHEAD FROM PRESIDENT SET UP TRAINING COURSE ON VERY SHORT NOTICE WITH BROAD REPRESENTATION FROM HAITIAN MILITARY AND SECURITY SERVICES. (SOME OFFICIALS WERE FLOWN IN FROM THE PROVINCES FOR THE COURSE).
  3. DUE TO APPARENT PERSONAL INTEREST AND ACTIVE COOPERATION OF PRESIDENT DUVALIER AND GENERAL HILAIRE, PLUS GOOD WORK OF DEA TEAM FROM MIAMI, LATEST TRAINING COURSE AND DEA TEAM VISIT APPEAR TO HAVE BEEN HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL BOTH IN INCREASING AWARENESS OF HAITIAN OFFICIALS OF DRUG PROBLEM AND IN ESTABLISHING PROMISING NEW CHANNEL FOR CONTINUING COOPERATION BETWEEN USG AND GOH ON NARCOTICS CONTROL (I.E., THROUGH GEN. HILAIRE TO PRESIDENT DUVALIER). MAKING FIRST USE OF THIS CHANNEL, DEA DISCLOSED TO GEN. HILAIRE THAT TWO SEPARATE CASES OF HARD DRUG SMUGGLING TO THE U.S. VIA HAITI ARE UNDER ACTIVE INVESTIGATION AND REQUESTED ASSISTANCE. CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL PAGE 03 PORT A 02166 212037Z
  4. AFTER CONSULTING WITH PRESIDENT, HILAIRE PROMISED TO TAKE ACTION ON LEADS, AND EXPRESSED POSITIVE INTEREST IN CLOSE FUTURE EXCHANGE OF INTELLIGENCE. (HE GAVE DEA HIS PRIVATE TELEPHONE NUMBER AND ASKED THEM TO CALL ANY TIME OF DAY OR NIGHT.) IN SUM, RESPONSE OF PRESIDENT AND GEN. HILAIRE WAS ALL THAT COULD BE HOPED FOR, AT LEAST AT THIS INITIAL STAGE.

4. APPARENT ESTABLISHMENT OF GOOD WORKING RELATIONS BETWEEN GOH AND USG ON NARCOTICS CONTROL COMES AT A PARTICULARLY OPPORTUNE TIME, AS THERE ARE INDICATIONS THAT SOME NARCOTICS SMUGGLERS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES ARE NEW SEEKING TO USE HAITI AS TRANSSHIPMENT POINT FOR NARCOTICS FROM SOUTH AMERICA DESTINED FOR THE U.S. MOREOVER, DEA REPRESENTATIVES HERE EXPRESSED CONSIDERABLE CONCERN AT VOLUME OF NARCOTIC-SMUGGLING SMALL BOAT TRAFFIC PASSING THROUGH WINDWARD PASSAGE FROM OTHER POINTS IN CARIBBEAN OR SOUTH AMERICA ENROUTE TO THE U.S. AND HUGGING HAITI’S COASTLINE TO AVOID DETECTION ON HIGH SEAS. REPRESENTATIVES SAID PROBLEM WAS SUFFICIENTLY SERIOUS THAT THEY WOULD LIKE TO STATION DEA AIRPLANE TO HAITI TO CARRY OUT CONTINUING SURVEILLANCE OF SMUGGLING THROUGH WINDWARD PASSAGE. ALTERNATIVELY, DEA BELIEVES HAITIAN NAVY COULD ACCOMPLISH SAME MISSION IF PROPERLY EQUIPPED AND TRAINED.

5. IN PREVIOUS MESSAGES, EMBASSY HAS REQUESTED SMALL TRAINING PROGRAM FOR HAITIAN NAVY PERSONNEL TO ENABLE THEM TO USE PATROL CRAFT ALREADY IN INVENTROY TO CONTROL NARCOTICS SMUGGLING IN WATERS OFF HAITI AND TO SERVE OTHER U.S. INTERESTS HERE (E.G., MARINE SAFETY OF U.S. VESSELS IN HAITIAN WATERS). AT PRESENT HAITIANS HAVE SUITABLE PATROL CRAFT ALREADY IN INVENTORY, BUT DUE TO LACK OF TRAINED CREWS AND MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR CAPABILITY, COASTAL PATROL CAPABILITY IS VIRTUALLY NON-EXISTENT. WE BELIVE LAST VISIT OF DEA TEAM, AND WHAT THEY REPORTED OF NARCOTICS SMUGGLING PROBLEM IN WATERS OFF HAITI, UNDERSCORES INCREASING IMPORTANCE AND URGENCY OF RECOMMENDED NAVAL TRAINING PROGRAM, AND WE AGAIN URGE EARLIEST FAVORABLE CONSIDERATION THIS RECOMMENDATION. SINCE CONTROL OF NARCOTICS SMUGGLING IN WINDWARD PASSAGE AREA INVOLVES U.S. INTERESTS ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY (HAITIANS HAVE NO DRUG PROBLEM OF THEIR CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 04 PORT A 02166 212037Z OWN AND NARCOTICS DO NOT ORIGINATE HERE) AND GOH RESOURCES TO PAY FOR THIS SORT OF TRAINING ARE SCARCE, DEVELOPMENT OF HAITIAN COASTAL PATROL CAPABILITY WILL ALMOST CERTAINLY DEPEND ON U.S. GRANT ASSISTANCE.

CORCORAN CONFIDENTIAL

ARA NARCOTICS CONFERENCE: HAITI

1973 November 26, 19:10 (Monday) 1973PORTA02013_b

  1. HAITIAN VIEW OF NARCOTICS PROBLEM. GOH SEES HAITI AS A TURNTABLE OVER WHICH PASS NARCOTICS FROM THIRD COUNTRIES ENROUTE TO U.S. HAITIANS BELIEVE THAT TO DATE THEY HAVE NO SERIOUS INTERNAL NARCOTICS PROBLEM INVOLVING CONSUMPTION BY HAITIANS AND THAT BULK OF MOVEMENTS THROUGH HAITI CONSIST OF MARIJUANA ORIGINATING IN JAMAICA. EMBASSY HAS RECENTLY LEARNED FROM DEA HOWEVER THAT IMPORTANT AMOUNTS OF COCAINE ARE MOVING THROUGH HAITI TOWARDS U.S. FROM SOUTH AMERICAN POINTS OF ORIGIN. A CRYPTIC ANNOUNCEMENT BY PREFECT OF PORT-AU-PRINCE THREATENING FIRM ACTION AGAINST UNNAMED CLUB OWNERS SUGGESTS GOH BEGINNING TO SUSPECT ITS MARIJUANA PROBLEM MAY HAVE REACHED SOMEWHAT GREATER PROPORTIONS THAN HERETOFORE ASSUMED. THERE IS ALSO POSSIBILITY THAT CERTAIN CORRUPT OFFICIALS AND SHADY PRIVATE CITIZENS MAY BE INVOLVED IN TRANSSHIPMENT OF HEROIN OR COCAINE THROUGH HAITI TOWARDS U.S.

CONFIDENTIAL

2- PAGE 02 PORT A 02013 262039Z 2. HAITIAN COOPERATION WITH U.S. GOH HAS BEEN MOST COOPERATIVE WITH U.S. AUTHORITIES TURNING OVER TO EMBASSY FOR RETURN TO U.S. 5 U.S. CITIZENS ARRESTED ON DRUG CHARGES DURING A RECENT 2 MONTHS’ PERIOD AND CONFISCATING ONE MARIJUANA HAUL OF 5 OUT OF AN INITIAL SHIPMENT OF 12 LARGE SACKS (EACH OVER 200 POUNDS), THE REMAINDER HAVING BEEN LOST OVERBOARD OR JETTISONED. THREE OF THESE U.S. CITIZENS ADMITTED TO MARIJUANA SMUGGLING IN PRESENCE OF DEA REPRESENTATIVE BEFORE BEING TURNED OVER. THIRTY-FIVE MEMBERS OF GOH SECURITY SERVICES TOOK DEA SHORT COURSE IN SUMMER OF 1973 AND A SIMILAR GROUP IS SCHEDULED FOR THE SAME TRAINING IN DECEMBER 1973. GOH APPEARS RELUCTANT TO PROSECUTE AMERICANS ON DRUG CHARGES SINCE IT FEELS THEIR CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES ARE PRIMARILY DIRECTED AGAINST THE U.S. AND BECAUSE IT IS UNWILLING TO ACCEPT THE PUBLIC RELATIONS COMPLICATIONS WHICH WOULD ARISE FROM IMPRISONMENT OF AMERICAN CITIZENS ON THESE GROUNDS.

3. HAITIAN ENFORCEMENT RESOURCES. GOH RESOURCES AVAILABLE FOR COASTAL PATROL, SURVEILLANCE AND APPREHENSION OF DRUG SMUGGLERS ARE MEAGER AND ORIENTED PRIMARILY TOWARDS DETECTION OF ARMS SMUGGLERS AND POTENTIAL SUBVERSIVE INFILTRATORS. DESPITE ITS RELUCTANCE TO PROSECUTE AMERICANS FOR DRUG SMUGGLING, GOH WILL HAVE NO COMPUNCTION ABOUT LOCKING UP FOR A LONG TIME ANY AMERICANS CAUGHT IN ARMS TRAFFIC. GOH ESPIONAGE RESOURCES IN CARIBBEAN AREA ARE APPARENTLY CONSIDERABLE BUT UNSOPHISTICATED AND ALSO ORIENTED TOWARDS DETECTION OF POLITICAL AND MILITARY SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES.

4. POSSIBILITIES FOR STRENGTHENING HAITIAN NARCOTICS CONTROL EFFORT. THE MOST USEFUL THINGS WE CAN DO IN HAITI IN THE NEXT COUPLE OF YEARS PROPABLY LIE IN THE AREAS OF STRENGTHENING AND STIMULATING GOH SURVEILLANCE, DETECTION AND APPREHENSION AND EXPULSION TO THE U.S. OF PEOPLE ENGAGED IN SMUGGLING TOWARDS THE U.S. AT PRESENT, THE HAITIAN NAVY’S CAPABILITY TO PATROL THE COUNTRY’S LONG COASTLINE AND DETER NARCOTICS SMUGGLING IN HAITIAN WATERS IS VIRTUALLY NON- EXISTENT, OWING TO A LACK OF TRAINED OFFICERS AND CREWS AND MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR CAPABILITY TO PERATE THE PATROL CRAFT ALREADY IN INVENTORY. SOME TRAINING ASSISTANCE TO THE HAITIAN NAVY (FORMERLY THE HAITIAN COAST GUARD) IN COASTAL PATROLLING, CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 03 PORT A 02013 262039Z COMMUNICATIONS, AND NARCOTICS CONTROL WOULD APPEAR TO BE ONE OF THE MOST URGENT NEEDS OF AN EFFECTIVE HAITIAN NARCOTICS CONTROL EFFORT. SINCE THE POLICE FUNCTION IN HAITI IS ALMOST ENTIRELY PERFORMED BY THE ARMED FORCES, INCREASING THE GENERAL EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN PATROL AND SURVEILLANCE WILL INEVITABLY IMPROVE THE HAITIAN ANTI-NARCOTICS CAPABILITY. WE CAN ALSO PROFIT BY THE FACT THAT GOH WELL UNDERSTANDS THAT PEOPLE WHO MOVE NARCOTICS THROUGH HAITI CAN ALSO MOVE ARMS. ANY U.S. TRAINING EFFORT WHETHER CONDUCTED BY DEA OR U.S. ARMED FORCES WILL DEVELOP PERSONAL AND INTER-SERVICE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH SHOULD TEND TO HELP THE DEA EFFORT IN THE LONGER RUN. IT WOULD BE HELPFUL TO PUBLICIZE IN HAITI INDICTMENTS, CONVICTIONS AND SENTENCES IN THE U.S. OF PERSONS ARRESTED IN HAITI FOR PARTICIPATION IN SMUGGLING DRUGS TO THE U.S. IT WOULD ALSO BE HELPFUL TO PUBLICIZE I THE U.S. ANY FUTURE GOH CONFISCATION OF BOATS SEIZED FOR DRUG SMUGGLING. CORCORAN

CONFIDENTIAL

Cable: 1975PORTA01041_b — WikiLeaks https://www.wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1975PORTA01041_b.html

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store